Terapia de aceptación y compromiso centrada en el pensamiento negativo repetitivo para el duelo por ruptura complicada: Una evaluación aleatoria de líneas de base múltiples

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v33i122.1149

Palabras clave:

terapia de aceptación y compromiso, pensamiento negativo repetitivo, relación de pareja, ruptura, duelo

Resumen

Las rupturas de relaciones románticas suelen provocar importantes consecuencias conductuales y emocionales que pueden llevar a experimentar un duelo complicado. Sin embargo, son pocas las investigaciones empíricas que han puesto a prueba intervenciones psicológicas para este problema tan frecuente. Este estudio preliminar exploró la eficacia de un protocolo de tres sesiones de Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT) centrado en el pensamiento negativo repetitivo (PNR) para el tratamiento del duelo complicado por ruptura de pareja en tres mujeres. Se llevó a cabo un diseño de línea de base múltiple, aleatorio y no concurrente entre participantes. Las tres participantes mostraron disminuciones muy grandes en la angustia por la ruptura que superaron los criterios para afirmar la presencia de cambios clínicamente significativos. Dos participantes mostraron cambios clínicamente significativos en los síntomas emocionales, y todos ellos alcanzaron cambios significativos en la satisfacción vital. Las tres participantes mostraron cambios clínicamente significativos en pensamiento negativo repetitivo, evitación experiencial, fusión cognitiva y la vida valiosa. Los tamaños del efecto comparables entre diseños fueron muy grandes y estadísticamente significativos para la angustia de ruptura (d = 7.11), síntomas emocionales (d = 2.46) y satisfacción vital (d = 1.25). En conclusión, los protocolos de ACT centrados en PNR podrían ser eficaces en casos de duelo complicado por ruptura de pareja.

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Publicado

2022-07-01

Cómo citar

Medina-Reina, D. P., & Ruiz, F. J. (2022). Terapia de aceptación y compromiso centrada en el pensamiento negativo repetitivo para el duelo por ruptura complicada: Una evaluación aleatoria de líneas de base múltiples. Revista De Psicoterapia, 33(122), 67–83. https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v33i122.1149